Sources for: Deaf people settle for crumbs!

Human-rights complaints in Canada

Henry Vlug, a deaf lawyer in Vancouver, filed all the human-rights complaints we mentioned. He alleged discrimination on the basis of disability because television programming was not captioned.

Vlug and the Canadian Human Rights Commission reached settlements with CBC in 2000 (announced in 2002), CTV in 2006 (unpublished), and Global in 2004

Movie theatres in Ontario

Nancy Barker, Gary Malkowski, and Scott Simser filed a human-rights complaint against Famous Players (a cinema chain) and numerous studios. A human-rights tribunal heard the case in 2005. In 2007, a settlement was reached that called for “the installation of new closed-captioning systems in multiple Ontario theatres.” By “new,” they meant “untested, unproven, and not commercially available.” The settlement did not require the use of open captioning or of any of the closed-captioning systems already in commercial production and in real-world use. The settlement did not even require increased usage of the MoPix systems that Famous Players already had installed; such systems must merely be “maintain[ed].”

For some reason, the settlement, which did not guarantee captioning on most movies, let alone all of them, was deemed “win–win” by deaf advocates and by the movie industry.

Class-action lawsuit in the U.S.

A lawsuit filed by Russ Boltz against movie studios was settled in 2006. It required certain studios to caption some DVDs. Among its many exemptions:

Human-rights complaint in Australia

Actually, there were three inquiries into captioning in Australia – one each for conventional television, pay TV, and movies. None of the resulting settlements required 100% captioning.